Makers Of Modern Strategy From Machiavelli To The Nuclear Age

Author:
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691027641
Size: 68.97 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 7742
Download Read Online

The essays in this volume analyze war, its strategic characterisitics and its political and social functions, over the past five centuries. The diversity of its themes and the broad perspectives applied to them make the book a work of general history as much as a history of the theory and practice of war from the Renaissance to the present. Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age takes the first part of its title from an earlier collection of essays, published by Princeton University Press in 1943, which became a classic of historical scholarship. Three essays are repinted from the earlier book; four others have been extensively revised. The rest--twenty-two essays--are new.


The subjects addressed range from major theorists and political and military leaders to impersonal forces. Machiavelli, Clausewitz, and Marx and Engels are discussed, as are Napoleon, Churchill, and Mao. Other essays trace the interaction of theory and experience over generations--the evolution of American strategy, for instance, or the emergence of revolutionary war in the modern world. Still others analyze the strategy of particular conflicts--the First and Second World Wars--or the relationship between technology, policy, and war in the nuclear age. Whatever its theme, each essay places the specifics of military thought and action in their political, social, and economic environment. Together the contributors have produced a book that reinterprets and illuminates war, one of the most powerful forces in history and one that cannot be controlled in the future without an understanding of its past.


The Cambridge History Of Warfare

Author:
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521618959
Size: 30.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 5763
Download Read Online
A compelling subject, war is common to almost all known societies and almost all periods of history. The Cambridge History of Warfare is a comprehensive account of war in the West. The combined effort of seven leading experts, this book treats the history of all aspects of the subject: the development of warfare on land, seas, and air; weapons and technology; strategy and defense; discipline and intelligence; mercenaries and standing armies; cavalry and infantry; chivalry and blitzkreig; guerrilla assault and nuclear warfare. It places in context particular key elements in the history of armed engagement, from the Greek victory at Marathon, through the advent of gunpower in medieval England and France, to the jungle warfare of Vietnam and the strategic air strikes of the Gulf War. Throughout, there is an emphasis on the socio-economic aspects of military progress and how these help explain the rise of the West over the past two millenia to global military dominance. Cambridge Histories Online

Before The First Shots Are Fired How America Can Win Or Lose Off The Battlefield

Author: Tony Zinni
Publisher: St. Martin's Griffin
ISBN: 125007505X
Size: 14.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 7170
Download Read Online

For the better part of the last half century, the United States has been the World's Police, claiming to defend ideologies, allies, and our national security through brute force. But is military action always the most appropriate response? Drawing on his vast experience, from combat in Vietnam to peacekeeping in Somalia, to war games in Washington, DC and negotiations with former rebels in the Philippines, retired four-star General Tony Zinni argues that we have a lot of work to do to make the process of going to war―or not―more clear-eyed and ultimately successful. He examines the relationship between the executive and the military (including the difference between passive and engaged presidents); the failures of the Joint Chief of Staff; the challenges of working with the UN, coalition forces, and NATO; the difference between young, on the ground officers and less savvy senior leaders; the role of special forces and drone warfare; and the difficult choices that need to be made to create tomorrow's military. Among his provocative points:
* Virtually every recent American military operation follows a disconnected series of actions that lead to outcomes we never foresaw or intended.
* We need to assign accountability for the political decisions that can make or break a mission.
* Words and ideas are as important to victory in today's conflicts as bullets.
* The cyber "war" is ongoing. Either you must build better tech than the other guy, or you must steal it.
* Our foreign aid budget is pitiful, our State Department, USAID, and the other government agencies that we critically need to be on a par with our military are underfunded, undermanned, and poorly structured for their current objectives.
From the Oval Office to the battlefield, Before the First Shots Are Fired is a hard-hitting analysis of the history of America's use of military action and a spirited call for change.


Agents Of Innovation The General Board And The Design Of The Fleet That Defeated The Japanese Navy

Author: John T. Kuehn
Publisher: Naval Institute Press
ISBN: 1591144485
Size: 79.57 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 7387
Download Read Online
Agents of Innovation examines the influence of the General Board of the Navy as agents of innovation during the period between World Wars I and II. The General Board, a formal body established by the Secretary of the Navy to advise him on both strategic matters with respect to the fleet, served as the organizational nexus for the interaction between fleet design and the naval limitations imposed on the Navy by treaty during the period. Particularly important was the General Board’s role in implementing the Washington Naval Treaty that limited naval armaments after 1922. The General Board orchestrated the efforts by the principal Naval Bureaus, the Naval War College, and the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations in ensuring that the designs adopted for the warships built and modified during the period of the Washington and London Naval Treaties both met treaty requirements while attempting to meet strategic needs. The leadership of the Navy at large, and the General Board in particular, felt themselves especially constrained by Article XIX (the fortification clause) of the Washington Naval Treaty that implemented a status quo on naval fortifications in the Western Pacific. The treaty system led the Navy to design a measurably different fleet than it might otherwise have in the absence of naval limitations. Despite these limitations, the fleet that fought the Japanese to a standstill in 1942 was predominately composed of ships and concepts developed and fostered by the General Board prior to the outbreak of war.

Planning For Empire Reform Bureaucrats And The Japanese Wartime State Studies Of The Weatherhead East Asian Institute Columbia University

Author: Janis Mimura
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 080144926X
Size: 39.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 6872
Download Read Online

Japan's invasion of Manchuria in September of 1931 initiated a new phase of brutal occupation and warfare in Asia and the Pacific. It forwarded the project of remaking the Japanese state along technocratic and fascistic lines and creating a self-sufficient Asian bloc centered on Japan and its puppet state of Manchukuo. In Planning for Empire, Janis Mimura traces the origins and evolution of this new order and the ideas and policies of its chief architects, the reform bureaucrats. The reform bureaucrats pursued a radical, authoritarian vision of modern Japan in which public and private spheres were fused, ownership and control of capital were separated, and society was ruled by technocrats.

Mimura shifts our attention away from reactionary young officers to state planners―reform bureaucrats, total war officers, new zaibatsu leaders, economists, political scientists, engineers, and labor party leaders. She shows how empire building and war mobilization raised the stature and influence of these middle-class professionals by calling forth new government planning agencies, research bureaus, and think tanks to draft Five Year industrial plans, rationalize industry, mobilize the masses, streamline the bureaucracy, and manage big business. Deftly examining the political battles and compromises of Japanese technocrats in their bid for political power and Asian hegemony, Planning for Empire offers a new perspective on Japanese fascism by revealing its modern roots in the close interaction of technology and right-wing ideology.


Military Innovation In The Interwar Period

Author: Williamson R. Murray
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521637602
Size: 52.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 6921
Download Read Online
The comparative essays investigate how and why innovation occurred or did not occur, and explain much of the strategic and operative performance of the Axis and Allies in World War II. The essays focus on several instances of how military ...

Military Innovation In The Interwar Period

Author: Williamson R. Murray
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107268621
Size: 41.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 6214
Download Read Online
The comparative essays investigate how and why innovation occurred or did not occur, and explain much of the strategic and operative performance of the Axis and Allies in World War II. The essays focus on several instances of how military ...

Military Innovation In The Interwar Period

Author: Williamson Murray
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781107266889
Size: 43.62 MB
Format: PDF
View: 5825
Download Read Online
The comparative essays investigate how and why innovation occurred or did not occur, and explain much of the strategic and operational performance of the Axis and Allies in World War II. The essays focus on several instances of how military ...

Military Effectiveness Volume 2 The Interwar Period

Author: Allan R. Millett
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139502115
Size: 26.61 MB
Format: PDF
View: 425
Download Read Online
This three-volume study examines the questions raised by the performance of the military institutions of France, Germany, Russia, the United States, Great Britain, Japan and Italy in the period from 1914 to 1945.

Uncovering Ways Of War

Author: Thomas G. Mahnken
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801439865
Size: 77.26 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 4014
Download Read Online
Using formerly classified sources - in particular, the reports of military attaches and other diplomat-officers - Thomas G. Mahnken sheds light on the shadowy world of U.S. intelligence gathering, tracing how America learned of military ...

Military Adaptation In War

Author: Williamson Murray
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107006597
Size: 27.66 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 2437
Download Read Online
Addresses how military organizations confront the problem of adapting under the trying, terrifying conditions of war.

Winning The Next War

Author: Stephen Peter Rosen
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801481963
Size: 74.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 2627
Download Read Online
Rosen argues that armies and navies are not forever doomed to "fight the last war." Rather, they are able to respond to shifts in the international strategic situation.

Military Effectiveness

Author: Allan R. Millett
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521425913
Size: 34.88 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 396
Download Read Online
Examines questions raised by the performance of the military institutions of France, Germany, Russia, the US, Great Britain, Japan and Italy between 1914 and 1945.

The Sources Of Military Doctrine

Author: Barry Posen
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801494277
Size: 33.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 1411
Download Read Online
Barry R. Posen explores how military doctrine takes shape and the role it plays in grand strategy-that collection of military, economic, and political means and ends with which a state attempts to achieve security.